Water Projects & Collaborations

The WATER Institute engages in the following projects and collaborations to empower individuals and communities to become environmental stewards, preserve biodiversity, develop resiliency to climate change and improve watershed health.

Sierra Meadows Partnership

2014 – Present

Since its inception in 2014, the WATER Institute has actively participated in the Sierra Meadows Partnership’s annual meetings and bi-monthly calls. This vibrant restoration community has been a source of inspiration and learning for us. Our focus on beaver and process-based restoration as key elements in meadow restoration has yielded significant results. We have successfully shared our findings, initiated research, and collaborated on implementing innovative watershed restoration techniques.

Sonoma County Regional Parks (Monte Rio) Gully Stuffing

2023 – Present

The primary purpose of this project was to work with Sonoma County Regional Parks to repair active headcut erosion, stabilize stream banks, and reduce sediment delivery to Dutch Bill Creek (located downstream of the project site) using a novel restoration technique pioneered by OAEC at our demonstration site. Partnering with a public agency for the first time, project work involved placing slash material produced by fuel-load reduction work into sections of stream channels that were incised or experiencing headcut erosion.

PBR Collaboration at Stemple Creek Ranch

2023 – Present

In 2023, The WATER Institute partnered with the US Fish & Wildlife Service and Swift Water Design to install pilot postless beaver dam analogs (BDAs) on a coastal stream in Marin County. The stream, Little Fallon Creek, is a tributary of Stemple Creek, located on Stemple Creek Ranch, a 920-acre working landscape of cattle, sheep, and native grassland species. This project employs low-tech process-based restoration techniques at a large scale to increase water retention, decrease erosion and sediment discharge, and recover onsite habitat for migratory birds and other native species including the California red-legged frog.

Salmonid Restoration Federation

2004 – Present

The Salmonid Restoration Federation (SRF) is an organization wholly devoted to salmon restoration in California. It is notable not only for its engagement with tribal entities, academics, research scientists, agency staff, and politicians but also for its deep involvement with restoration practitioners. As a member of SRF for 20 years, The WATER Institute’s consistent beaver advocacy has been central to the community of salmon restorationists transitioning from beaver skeptics to beaver believers.

Beaver Co-existence in Fryer Creek

2020 – Present

Fryer Creek is an engineered flood control channel owned by Sonoma Water. When beaver moved into the East Fork of the creek within the Sonoma city limits, there was cause for celebration – thanks to the beaver dam, what was usually a dried up creek bed for most of the year is now a haven for aquatic animals and birds. However, there was concern about increased flooding of the adjacent trail that could potentially block passage for trail users, and importantly, emergency vehicles. With the help of Swift Water Design, a pond leveler device was installed on April 27th, 2020. This ingenious device now effectively reduces flooding on Sonoma Water’s access road while allowing the beaver to thrive in this suburban location.

California Process-Based Restoration Network

2022 – Present

OAEC’s WATER Institute joins forces with a team of other natural resource professionals, agencies and organizations to launch the California Process-based Restoration (Cal PBR) Network. In contrast to form-based restoration, which often requires high costs and fossil fuel inputs, process-based restoration uses simple, low-cost techniques like adding woody debris that mimic beaver dams to riverscapes. PBR harnesses the system’s natural energy to do most of the restoration “work.”

Rewilding California Network Convening

2020 – Present

Since 2020, OAEC, the Center for Biological Diversity and the Rewilding Institute have co-convened a new Rewilding California Network. The Network includes conservation biologists and representatives from nonprofits and California Tribes who are leading cutting-edge rewilding efforts across the state – from returning keystone species to securing conservation habitat. Through online and in-person gatherings, Rewilding California serves to connect these incredible projects across geographies, spark innovation, and build a more cohesive and collaborative rewilding movement.

Beaver Back Saver Device

2020 – Present

Designed by the US Fish and Wildlife Service staff at the Sutter National Wildlife Refuge, this simple yet elegant design saves time and money by preventing beavers from blocking water control structures. This device has the potential to save wetland managers hundreds of hours a year while reducing the need to lethally manage the beavers. By implementing this low-cost co-existence strategy, we can receive the wetland habitat benefits the beavers provide while avoiding the hassles they can create.

Restoration Collaboration with Maidu Summit Consortium

2015 – Present

OAEC was first introduced to members of the Maidu Summit Consortium (MSC) in 2015 to begin discussing beaver restoration. In 2018, OAEC was invited to participate in a restoration collaboration with other partners to support MSC members in planning for and implementing innovative restoration practices on their ancestral lands at Tásmam Koyóm, including developing a beaver recruitment strategy.

Bring Back the Beaver Campaign

2009 – Present

North American beaver (Castor canadensis) are what biologists call a “keystone species” as the habitat they create benefits many other species. Their dams improve water quantity and quality, increase late season flow and reduce the impacts of flooding. Beaver bank burrows and food caches provide critical habitat for many native and endangered California species. Despite these benefits, current California beaver policy solely focuses on recreational hunting and lethal nuisance management. In response, the WATER Institute launched a Bring Back the Beaver Campaign to educate citizens about the importance of beaver. In order to improve water supply for humans and the environment and increase resilience to drought and climate change, we are working to integrate their management into California policy and regulation.

To learn more, contact Kate Lundquist (ext. 118) or Brock Dolman (ext. 106).

El Dorado Hills Beaver Stewardship

2018 – 2020

In 2018, the American Rivers Conservancy (ARC) contacted the WATER Institute about helping with a particular beaver issue in the Creekside Greens neighborhood of the El Dorado Hills. Beaver had been building a dam in the creek and it was starting to flood a popular greenbelt walking path. They wanted to know if there was a non-lethal alternative to kill trapping.  The answer is YES!  Learn what we did …

OAEC’s Conservation Hydrology Demonstration Site

1994 – Present

For nearly 40 years, OAEC’s 80-acre site of organic gardens, orchards, meadows, and forests has served as an ideal outdoor classroom to teach and model Conservation Hydrology and watershed health. Since 2004, OAEC’s WATER Institute has implemented an on-site Conservation Hydrology Adaptive Management Plan that demonstrates renewable energy technologies and best management and conservation practices for water, and for the energy associated with its use.

These practical solutions include greywater systems, micro-hydro generated electricity, roof water catchment systems, a rainwater harvesting off-stream pond that supplies 100% of our agricultural irrigation needs, a solar thermal hot water system, bio-filtration to improve water quality, and a 10-kilowatt solar photovoltaic system. Installing and studying the efficacy of these techniques over time allows us to improve our designs and speak from experience when educating communities about how to best adapt these practices to their regions.

What is “Conservation Hydrology”?

Decentralized Water Policy Council

2014 – Present

In 2014, the OAEC WATER Institute, Sierra Watershed Progressive, representatives from regulatory agencies such as Sonoma County PRMD, and others, came together to launch a policy initiative designed to localize California’s waters – The Decentralized Water Policy Council.  The Council brought together allies working to increase water efficiency and reuse in commercial and residential settings throughout California.  In 2017, the DWPC transitioned to the California Onsite Water Association (COWA).

COWA supports a collaboration of multiple stake-holder water activists, engineers, regulators and practitioners committed to removing barriers to reusing and conserving water onsite in all our land use activities.  This coalition convenes the annual Localizing California Waters Conference and creates effective integrated water management strategies through decentralized water projects and working committees that accomplish policy goals.

Legalizing and removing barriers to protect water is one of OAEC’s strategies for change.

Localizing California Waters

Salmon Creek Habitat Restoration Program

2004 – Present

A comprehensive study of the Salmon Creek Estuary was completed by the Occidental Arts and Ecology Center’s WATER Institute and Prunuske Chatham Inc. in 2006 with funding from the State Coastal Conservancy. The objective of the study was to assess the factors affecting estuarine function and its value as salmonid habitat.

In the fall of 2011, The WATER Institute collaborated with UC Berkeley Ph.D. candidate Cleo Woefle-Erskine to support his research to investigate whether home-scale rainwater harvesting could put more water back in streams like Salmon Creek. See an intital report on this research entitled, “Do salmon want humans to harvest rain? A GIS exploration.”

salmon_OAEC

California Roundtable on Water and Food Supply

2011 – 2016

The WATER Institute is a founding member of The California Roundtable on Water and Food Supply (CRWFS), a consensus-based forum for thought leaders to uncover obstacles, identify solutions, and take action to enhance water security for agriculture, the public and the environment.

CA Roundtable on Water and Food Supply

Russian River Coho Water Resources Partnership

2010 – 2022

The WATER Institute is a founding steering committee member of this partnership that is developing a systematic approach to improve streamflow and water supply reliability in five Russian River tributaries critical to the recovery of endangered coho salmon. For more information, visit the Russian River Coho Water Resources website.

 

Russian River Coho Partnership

Bodega Valley Rainwater Catchment & Alternative Water Supply Program

2000 – 2010

The WATER Institute is one of several partners who helped conceive of and implement this multi-pronged, community-based program to provide enhanced water security for residents and help restore streamflows in Bodega, California. Read more about this program here (PDF).

Bodega Volunter Fire Department Rain Water System

Salmon Creek Water Conservation Program

2006 – 2013

The WATER Institute is a founding member of the Salmon Creek Water Conservation Program which has been working in the Salmon Creek watershed to educate residents, landowners and citizen activists about watershed conservation since 2000. Learn more about the Salmon Creek Watershed.

The Salmon Creek Water Conservation Program was developed out of the recognized need to increase dry season instream flows. Successive years of drought and increased water demand pressures are taking a toll on the creeks and on the watershed’s ability to supply sufficient, high quality water. Juvenile salmon and steelhead trout need cold, flowing water to survive the summer. Many stretches of our creeks are going dry and the fish are dying

Salmon Creek Watershed Map

Sonoma County Watershed and Creek Road Signs and Salmon Creek Flow Signs Projects

2006 – 2007

The Southern Sonoma County Resource Consevation District’s Creek Sign Guide is available online. Download this how-to guide on getting watershed and creek signs installed in your community.

WATER Institute staff in collaboration with the West County Watershed Network, Southern Sonoma RCD and County Supervisors Mike Reilly and Mike Kearns were funded by the California Coastal Conservancy to implement the West & South Sonoma County Watershed and Creek Signage Pilot Project. Numerous signs throughout the western and southern regions of the county were installed in 2006.

Watershed Divide Display Case in Occidental

2006 – Present

In Western Sonoma County, the location of the town of Occidental straddles a saddle between two distinct watersheds, Salmon Creek Watershed and Dutch Bill Creek Watershed, a tributary of the Russian River Basin. The town is bisected by what is called a watershed ridge divide which roughly runs through the south end of town, where the picnic tables sit in front of Howard’s Station.  Dedicated members of the Dutch Bill Creek Watershed Group and the Salmon Creek Watershed Council seized the opportunity of this site to educate picnicking visitors and locals.

Back in June of 2006, they unveiled the fruits of their hard labor in the form of a watershed literacy interpretive display case. In March 2020, the display was renovated with a newly designed map and updated timeline of the groups’ efforts to restore and protect Coho salmon.